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The Names of (Elohistic) God - Part II

Updated: May 9, 2023

You may recall from Part one of this two-part series that El means God – any god and does not necessarily refer to our God. In all the use of EL is used over 2500 times in the Old Testament. It also means “To be strong, powerful, mighty” It is in the singular. It is used of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost. Genesis 14:18-22; Isaiah 7:14;Isaiah 9:6-9;Job 33:4; Job 37; 10. Part one also mentioned ELOHIM (אֱלֹהִים, elohim). is a masculine plural form of El (אֵל, el).and referred to the name El-Shaddai “The Most High God” as found in Genesis 17:1.

Picture of Jewish names of God

In part two we will discuss The Elohistic (El·o·his·tic) names of God which are those names having to do with the relationship of God with His creation. It is described in use in Hebrew of the word ĕlōhīm rather than yahweh as a designation of God. As a side note Psalms 42–83, are classified as Elohistic Psalms or Elohistic Psalter. Reading through these Psalms we find the many different relationships that we have with our one True God, our Father.

The name El-Elyon means “The Most High God” Genesis 14:18 where Melchizedek, the King of Salem blessed Abram. As the Scripture states, Melchizedek was “priest of God Most High.” The full story of this is found in Genesis 14:17-24 where Melchizedek met with Abram, shared a meal with Abram; and he (Abram) gave him a tenth of everything, but Melchizedek refused to accept it.

El-Roi means “The God that sees” The story of Sarai and Hagar is found in Genesis 16: 1-15 You may remember where Sarai had borne him no children and decided to take matters into her own hands. Later in the story after treating her so harshly, the angel of the Lord met Hagar near a spring. In Genesis 16:13. Hagar tells him in verse 13, “You are a God of seeing.

El-OlamThe everlasting God.” Genesis 21:22-34 described a treaty between Abimelech and Phicol the commander of his army and Abraham. He plants a tree in Genesis 21:33. Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba and called there on the name of the Lord, the Everlasting God.

El-GibborThe mighty or great God” Isaiah prophesied and gave God many names. Isaiah 9:6 “. . . his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.”

Elohim, Elyon Jewish words for God, the Most High.

Elohim-Elyon “God, the Most High.” Psalm 78 tells us in verse 78:5 that they called God their rock. Yet when they enter the Promised Land Israel continued the pattern of rebellion.

The name of God here “God Most High” (’Elohim ˓Elyon). Psalm 78:56–58.

Adon or Adonai (click here to see it in Part I)“Master, Owner, Ruler of all” is found in Psalm 147:5; Psalm 86:12.

ImmanuelGod with us” Both Isaiah 7:14; and Matthew 1:22-23 uses this name for God with us. Matthew quotes Isaiah when the angel of the Lord appears to Joseph.


Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®, copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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